Administrative Relations between Centre and State
The Indian Constitution’s framers never wanted to bring about administrative cooperation and collaboration between the center and the states.
The State’s executive authority is to be exercised in such a way as to ensure conformity with the Parliament’s laws.
Furthermore, the executive of the Union shall be empowered to give directions to a State for the required purpose, if necessary.
The Government of the Union may issue directions to States to ensure compliance with Parliament’s laws on the construction and maintenance of communications media, which have been declared to be of national and military importance, and also on railway security measures.
Amid all this, Parliament alone will adjudicate on conflicts over the inter-state flow.
It has always been a clause to appoint an Inter-State Council to advise the president on inter-state conflicts.
Even the governments of the State may delegate for a defined duration some of their administrative functions relating to the subjects of the State, to the Union Government.
India’s constitution has some special clauses to ensure the administrative structure is uniform.
These involve establishing All India Services such as IAS and IPS and putting representatives of these services in key state administrative positions.
All India Service Officers ‘ presence further paves the way for the Central Government to exercise its authority over state power.
The Centre recruits the members and the state appoints these members.
The state governments can not take any legal action against them without the Centre’s permission.
The Constitution also provides for the formation by Parliament of a new All India Service on Rajya Sabha’s recommendation.
The President also puts the entire operation of the administrative machinery of the state under Union power.
The Government of the Union has broad powers to issue directives based on the Union’s subjective point of view and can thus interfere with state autonomy in the field of administration.
The central police force and army are usually assigned to the states at the request of the government of the State.
There have been times, however, when BSF’s CRPF was deployed in states far against the state government’s wishes.
Thus the center plays a very important role in the State-related administrative sphere of operation.