Administrative Relations between Centre and State

The framers of the Indian Constitution never intended to create administrative co-operation and co-ordination between the center and states.

The executive power of the State is to be exercised in such a way as to ensure compliance with the laws made by the Parliament.

Further, the Union Executive is empowered to give directions to a State, if necessary, for the requisite purpose.

The Union Government can issue directions to the States to ensure compliance with the laws of the Parliament for construction and maintenance of means of communications, declared to be of national and military importance, and also on the measures for the protection of Railways.

In addition to all this, the Parliament can alone adjudicate on inter-state river disputes.

Also, a provision has been made for constituting an Inter-State Council to advise the president on inter-state disputes.

Even the State governments may delegate some of its administrative functions relating to the State subjects, to Union Government for a specified period.

The Constitution of India has certain special provisions to ensure uniformity of the administrative system.

These include the creation of All India Services such as IAS and IPS and placing members of these services in key administrative positions in the states.

The presence of All India Service Officers further paves way for the Central Government to exercise its authority and control over the states.

The members of these services are recruited by the Centre but are appointed in the States.

No disciplinary action can be taken against them by the State Governments without the permission of the Centre.

The Constitution also makes provision for the creation of new All India Service by the Parliament on the recommendation of the Rajya Sabha.

The President also puts the entire control of the state administrative machinery under the control of the Union. 

The Union Government has wide powers to issue directions based on the subjective view of the Union and may, therefore, interfere with the state autonomy in the field of administration.

Ordinarily, the central police force and Army are posted to the states at the request of the State Government.

However, there have been occasions when the CRPF of BSF has been deployed in states much against the state wishes of the State Government.

Thus, the center plays a very important role in the administrative sphere of activity concerning the States.


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