ALL INDIA TRADE UNION CONGRESS 1920 (AITUC)
It was established in Bombay on 31 October 1920 by N. M. Joshi, Joseph Baptista, and Lala Lajpat Rai.
Before the eve of Independence, AITUC remained under its banner as the voice of the working class for all types of political powers, from the Conservatives to the liberals.
During this time, the union witnessed two big splits over political issues.
The first split happened in 1929 when liberals including Giri, Joshi, and others broke up to form a new coalition on inclusion in India’s Royal Labor Commission.
In the All India Trade Union Congress 1920 (AITUC) the socialists and members of the Indian National Congress wanted to boycott the Commission while the moderates (known as the rightists) wanted to support it.
The Rightists broke free, establishing the Trade Unions Federation of India (IFTU).
The communists broke free in the next year to create the Congress of Red Flag Trade Unions.
Nevertheless, within two years they rejoined AITUC and in 1939 the IFTU agreed to merge with the parent body.
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