Pramathanath Mitra, a barrister from Calcutta, founded the Anushilan Samiti.
The vice-presidents of the Samiti were Sri Aurobindo and Deshabandhu Chittaranjan Das.
The other legendary nationalist leaders were Jatindra Nath Banerjee (Niralamba Swami), Jatindra Nath Mukherjee (Bagha Jatin), Bhupendra Nath Datta (Swami Vivekananda’s brother), and Barindra Ghosh.
The 1905 partition of Bengal led the Samiti to follow full-time extremism.
Pulin Behari Das led Anushilan’s Dhaka division and extended branches throughout East Bengal and Assam.
The Calcutta Anushilan Samiti and the Dhaka Anushilan Samiti have now been unionized on the basis of Russia and Italy’s secret societies.
Calcutta Anushilan Samiti’s progressive efforts started to take off from1907.
On December 6, 1907, leaders of the Anushilan Samiti tried to blow up the train of the Lieutenant-Governor of East Bengal and Assam province.
On 23 December, Mr. Allen, former District Magistrate of Dhaka, was again assassinated.
Two Bengali youths, Prafulla Chaki and Khudiram Bose dropped a bomb on a carriage at Muzzafarpur on 30 April 1908 to kill the Chief Presidency Magistrate Douglas Kingsford but accidentally killed two women who were traveling there.
While Prafulla Chaki committed suicide when he was caught, Khudiram Bose was hanged.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak by his paper Kesari hailed the terrorist from Bengal.
The Alipur conspiracy case led to the Anushilan Samiti division.
In contrast to its parent body in Calcutta, Dhaka Anushilan Samiti soon became more insignificant.
The people of Madras province were impressed by Bipin Chandra Pal’s eloquent speeches.
His detention led to a serious disturbance in Tuticorin and Tinnevelly, where police shot in a chaotic crowd.
Vanchi Iyar of the Bharatha Matha Associations killed the officer who directed firings in Tinnevelly.
Vanchi Iyar was unable to run and shot himself.
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