ARAB INVASION OF INDIA


ARAB INVASION OF INDIA

Arabs attacked India in the north-west at the beginning of the 8th century.

Muhammad Bin Qasim, the general of the Umayyad caliphate, led this Arab invasion in AD 712.

During this time, the Invasion of India was part of the Arab expansion strategy.

A new political structure was formed by the emergence of Islam in Arabia.

Following the capture of Mecca by the Prophet Muhammad, the process of expansion began.

Arabs occupied West Asia, Jordan, Lebanon, Iraq, Turkish and Persian territories between 633 and 637 AD.

South Africa and southern Europe have taken pieces.

Egypt was also captured in 639-637 AD.

Around 712 AD the Arabs had settled in Spain and soon invaded the south of France.

By the 8th century AD, the Arabs had acquired a key position from Spain to India, linking trade between the Mediterranean and the Indian Ocean.

The Umayyads achieved the height of their influence during the early years of the 8th century.

The richness of India also attracted Arabs.

The cause of the Sindh invasion was the pirate of Debol who avenged the pillage of Arab Ships.

King Dahir opposed the prosecution of the pirates.

Under Muhammad Bin Qasim Hajjaj the governor of Iraq sent an army.

In 712 AD, he arrived in Sind and besieged Debol on the coast.

He moved forward after the passing of the Indus.

Dahir was attacked at Rawar by Muhammad Bin Qasim.

Dahir was captured, murdered.

Sind’s economic life was interrupted by Qasim campaigns.

His reign only lasted two years.

But many Arabs settled in Sind and established ties with the local people.

The Arab presence persisted for a lengthy period in various parts of the Sind with pockets of the Muslim presence.

The Turks invaded India after the Arabs.