ART AND ARCHITECTURE IN GUPTAS PERIOD


Ancient Indian art was mainly inspired by religion.

As in earlier times, Buddhism gave a great impetus to art in Gupta period also.

The finest examples of Buddhist art during Gupta period are the paintings of Ajanta caves.

 These paintings depicted the life of Buddha and the Jataka stories.

It is for the first time in the Gupta period that the temples in the form of structures were constructed in north India.

These temples were made in the architectural style known as Nagara.

Two of these temples, one made of bricks at Bhitargaon in Kanpur and the other of stone at Deogarh in Jhansi have been found in Uttar Pradesh.

 

The Pallava rulers constructed stone temples in seventh and eighth centuries to house the images of these gods.

The most famous are the seven rathas or temples each made out of a solid, piece of stone constructed by king Narasimhavarman at Mahabalipuram, 65 km from Chennai.

The Pallavas also built many structural temples. One of the most important among them is the Kailashnath temple, constructed in the eighth century.

The southern style of architecture came to be known as Dravida.