Attorney General of India


Article 76 Provides for an Attorney General of India.

The Attorney General for India is appointed by the President and holds office during the pleasure of the President.

The term of office of the Attorney General is not mentioned in the Constitution.

He/she must be a person qualified to be appointed as a Judge of the Supreme Court.

It is the duty of the Attorney-General in India to give advice to the Government of India upon such legal matters and to perform such other duties of a legal character, as may be referred or assigned to him/her by the President.

In the performance of his/her duties, he/she has the right of audience in all courts in India.

In the discharge of his functions, the Attorney General is assisted by the Solicitor-General and the Additional Solicitors-General.

The Attorney General is not a full-time counsel for the Government.

Attorney General is also allowed to take up private practice.

Attorney General cannot defend the accused persons in criminal matters without permission of the government.

Article 88 of the Constitution confers an important and rare privilege on the Attorney General by giving him the right to speak and take part in the proceedings of Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha or the joint sitting of the Houses as well as in any committee of Parliament of which he is a member.

The first Attorney General, M C Setalvad, holds the record for the longest tenure of 13 years in the constitutional post.

 

Solicitor General of India

The Solicitor General of India is subordinate to the Attorney General of India.

The Solicitor General of India is appointed for the period of 3 years.

The Solicitor General of India is the secondary law officer of the country.

The Solicitor General of India is assisted by several Additional Solicitors General of India.