AUGUST OFFER 1940


AUGUST OFFER 1940

The astounding success of Hitler and the fall of Belgium, Holland, and France put England in a conciliatory mood.

In order to win over the sympathy of the Indian masses and political parties during the war, the viceroy announced the August offer (August 1940) which proposed:

Expansion of the Executive Council to include more Indians

The establishment of an Advisory Council for the War, giving full weight to the minority opinion

The recognition of the right of the Indians to establish their own constitution (after that date).

In return, it was hoped that all parties and communities in India would cooperate in the British war effort.

The Congress Working Committee meeting in Wardha on 21 August 1940 rejected this offer and affirmed its demand for complete freedom from imperial power.

It was also rejected by the Muslim League.

The Muslim League argued that nothing short of India’s partition would satisfy it.

Nehru said, “The Dominion Status concept is dead as a doornail.” Gandhiji said that the declaration had widened the gulf between nationalists and British rulers.