Battle of Buxar
On 22 October 1764, the Battle of Buxar was fought between the forces commanded by Hector Munro under the command of the British East India Company and the united army of Mir Qasim, the Nawab of Bengal, the Nawab of Awadh and the Mughal King Shah Alam II.
The battle was fought in Buxar.
In a series of battles in 1763, Mir Qasim was defeated and fled to Avadh.
He formed an alliance at Avadh with Shuja-Ud-Daulah, the Avadh Nawab, and Shah Alam, the Mughal Empire’s fugitive emperor.
The three allies were defeated at Buxar on 22nd October 1764 by the English army under Major Munro.
Buxar’s war was fought against Mir Qasim’s conjoint military.
Nawab Shuja-ud-Daula fled the scene and took refuse to Rohilla.
Shah Aalam II submitted to the British, after this battle.
The rule of an independent Nawab in Bengal eventually came to an end with the defeat of Nawab Mir Qasim.
Results of the Battle of Buxar
The Buxar Fight enhanced East India Company’s strength.
East India Company succeeded in expanding its authority beyond the Bengal frontier.
East India Company got a chance to enter India’s politics successfully.
Shah Alam II signed the Allahabad Treaty that secured Diwani Rights for the Company to receive and control the income from nearly real estate, which is part of the present West Bengal, Odisha, Bihar, Jharkhand, and Uttar Pradesh states.
The Allahabad Treaty heralded, with a single stroke, the creation of East India Company rule in one-eighth of India.
Treaty of Allahabad
The Treaty of Allahabad was concluded on 16 August 1765, as a consequence of the Battle of Buxar of 22 October 1764, between the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II and Robert Clive of the East India Company.
The Treaty marks the political and constitutional intervention in India, and the start of British rule.
Subject to the terms of the treaty, Shaha Alam gave Diwani rights to the East India Company.
These rights enabled the Company to directly collect revenue from the Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa citizens.
The tribute money paid to the emperor was to be used to maintain the Emperor’s court in Allahabad.
Shuja-ud-Daulah got Awadh back.
Allahabad and Kora were taken from Shuja-ud-Daulah.
The Nawab of Awadh paid 53 lakhs of rupees as war indemnity to the East India Company.
The Company agreed to help the Nawab against an attack from outside.
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