The Battle of Buxar was fought on 22 October 1764 between the forces under the command of the British East India Company led by Hector Munro and the combined army of Mir Qasim, the Nawab of Bengal: the Nawab of Awadh and the Mughal King Shah Alam II.
The battle fought at Buxar.
Mir Qasim was defeated in series of battles in 1763 and fled to Avadh.
In Avadh he formed an alliance with Shuja-Ud-Daulah, the Nawab of Avadh, and Shah Alam, the fugitive ruler of Mughal Empire.
The three allies were defeated by the English army under Major Munro at Buxar on 22nd October 1764.
The battle of Buxar was fought between the confederate army under the leadership of Mir Qasim.
Nawab Shuja-ud-Daula fled from the scene and took refuse to Rohilla.
After this battle, Shah Aalam II submitted to the British.
With the defeat of Nawab Mir Qasim, the rule of independent Nawab in Bengal finally came to an end.
Results of the Battle of Buxar
The Battle of Buxar enhanced the power of the East India Company.
East India Company managed to extend its jurisdiction beyond the boundary of Bengal.
East India Company got an opportunity to enter successfully into the politics of India.
Shah Alam II signed the Treaty of Allahabad that secured Diwani Rights for the Company to collect and manage the revenues of almost of real estate, which form parts of the modern states of West Bengal, Odisha, Bihar, Jharkhand, and Uttar Pradesh.
The Treaty of Allahabad heralded the establishment of the rule of the East India Company in one-eighth of India proper with a single stroke.
Treaty of Allahabad
The Treaty of Allahabad was signed on 16 August 1765, between the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II and Robert Clive of the East India Company, as a result of the Battle of Buxar of 22 October 1764.
The Treaty marks the political and constitutional involvement and the beginning of British rule in India.
Based on the terms of the agreement, Shaha Alam granted the East India Company Diwani rights.
These rights allowed the Company to collect revenue directly from the people of Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa.
In return, the Company paid an annual tribute of twenty-six lakhs of rupees (equal to 260,000 pounds sterling) while securing for Shah Alam II the districts of Kora and Allahabad.
The tribute money paid to the emperor was for the maintenance of the Emperor’s court in Allahabad.
Awadh was returned to Shuja-ud-Daulah, but Allahabad and Kora were taken from him.
The Nawab of Awadh also had to pay fifty-three lakhs of rupees as war indemnity to the East India Company.
The Nawab of Awadh, Shuja ud Daulah, was made to pay a war indemnity of 5 million rupees to the Company.
Moreover, the two signed an alliance by which the Company promised to support the Nawab against an outside attack provided he paid for services of the troops sent to his aid.
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