Meaning of biome —
The word biome is a short form of biological home.
Biome may be defined as a large natural Eco-system wherein we study the total assemblage of plant and animal communities.
By biomass we mean the total weight of all living organisms – plants and animals, found in the biome.
Factors Affecting Biomes
There are various factors which affects the size, location, and character of a biome.
Important factors are as follow:
[a] Length of day light and darkness. This is mainly responsible for duration of photosynthesis.
[b] Mean temperature as well as difference in temperature.
[c] Length of growing season.
[d] Precipitation which includes total amount, variations over time and intensity.
[e] Wind flow that includes speed, direction, duration and frequency.
[f] Soil types
[i] Other plant and animal species.