CENSORSHIP OF PRESS ACT 1799
Lord Wellesley enacted this act. According to this Act-
Every newspaper should print the names of the printer, editor and proprietor.
It should be sent to the Secretary of Censorship before printing any content.
These restrictions were relaxed under Lord Hastings.
LICENSING REGULATIONS, 1823
The acting governor-general, John Adams enacted these.
According to this-
The publisher must acquire a government license, the defaulters would be fined Rs 400, and the government should cease the newspaper.
The government has the power to suspend the permit.
Such prohibitions were aimed mainly toward Indian language newspapers.
Raja Rammohan Roy’s Mirat-ul-Akbar had to stop publication.
This act was abolished by Charles Metcalf (Governor-General of India 1835-36).
PRESS ACT OF 1835
This act was enacted by Sir Charles Metcalfe in 1835.
This act gave freedom to the press.
The result of a liberal press policy was the rapid growth of newspapers.
VERNACULAR PRESS ACT, 1878
The Act provided for the submission to the police of all the evidence sheets of the contents of the documents prior to publication.
If the news was seditious or not was to be decided by the police and not judiciary.
Many of the papers were fined under this Act, their editors imprisoned.
The party concerned was unable to obtain relief in a court of law.
A security assurance had to pay the agreed sum.
The English Press was not bound by this Law.
It was repealed by Lord Ripon in 1882.
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