CENTRAL ADMINISTRATION UNDER THE MUGHALS:
The Emperor was the supreme head of the administration and controlled all military and judicial powers.
The Emperor had the authority to appoint, promote, and remove officials at his pleasure.
For the smooth functioning of the empire, a few departments were created.
Wakil and Wazir
The institution of Wizarat (or Wikalat since both were used interchangeably) was present in some form during the Delhi Sultanate also.
The position of the wazir was revived under the Mughals.
Babur’s and Humayun’s wazir enjoyed great powers.
Diwan-i Kul was the chief diwan.
He was responsible for revenue and finances.
The diwan used to inspect all transactions and payments in all departments and supervised the provincial diwans.
The diwans were to report about state finance to the Emperor on a daily basis.
All military administration was looked after by Mir Bakshi.
He appointed mansabdars and decided their salary.
was head of the ecclesiastical department.
His primary responsibility was to uphold Shariat laws.
Sadr’s office allocated payments and grants to qualified individuals and religious institutions.
Muhtasibs (public morals censors) were designated to ensure general observance of morality laws.
He also used to analyze weights and measures and impose equal rates, etc.
The Mir Saman was Royal Karkhanas ‘ officer-in-charge.
He was responsible for all sorts of transactions and royal household stock.
He was to purchase and store all kinds of things needed to royal household.