The Chalukyas played a prominent role in the history of Deccan and south India for about two hundred years from the beginning of sixth century A.D.

Chalukyas set up their kingdom in western Deccan with capital at Vatapi (modern Badami in Karnataka).

The kingdom rapidly rose to prominence during the reign of Pulakesin II (AD 610–642).

He was the greatest ruler of the Chalukyas.  

He consolidated his authority in Maharashtra and conquered large parts of Deccan.

He defeated Harshavardhana in circa AD 630 and acquired the title of dakshinapatheshvara (lord of the south).

However, he himself was defeated and killed by the Pallava king Narasimhavarman in c. AD 642.

It marked the beginning of a long drawn political struggle between the Pallavas and Chalukyas that continued with ups and down for more than a hundred years.

In about AD 757 their feudatories, the Rashtrakutas, overthrew them. Culturally, their period is important for the growth of art and architecture in Deccan.