Charles Woods Despatch on Education 1854


Lord Dalhousie had introduced a number of reforms in the field of education.

The Government did not take any step for the promotion of vernacular education.

In 1854 Sir Charles Wood, the President of the Board of Control sent his recommendations known as “Woods Despatch of 1854” to India reorganizing the whole structure of education.

The wood’s dispatch laid the foundations of the modern education system.

Wood’s Despatch emphasized the education of the masses and announced the duty and responsibility of the Government to provide education for the people of India.

Thus, the British attitude towards education as the medium for a cheap supply of clerks changed and elementary education in vernacular languages was considered as a welfare scheme under the Government.

Schools receiving Government grants were to follow the rules and regulations of the Government.

The Education Department of each province of the British Empire was put under the Director of Public Instruction (DPI).

The government laid emphasis to make the education secular and religious teaching in schools was discouraged.

Training schools were opened to train the teachers in modern knowledge and teaching methods.

The Despatch also laid stress on technical and women education.

It also made provisions for award of scholarship for proficiency in studies to encourage meritorious students.

The Government did little to execute the recommendations.

Knowledge in English was essential for appointment in Government services and English medium schools gained popularity.

Emphasis on English medium also prevented the spread of education to the masses.

 

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