Charles Woods Despatch
Lord Dalhousie initiated many educational reforms.
The government took no steps to encourage vernacular education.
In 1854, Sir Charles Wood, Chairman of the Control Board, sent his recommendations known as “Woods Despatch of 1854” to India reorganizing the entire educational system.
The wood’s dispatch laid the foundations of the modern education system.
Wood’s Despatch emphasized the education of the masses and announced the duty and responsibility of the Government to provide education for the people of India.
Schools receiving Government grants were to follow the rules and regulations of the Government.
The Education Department of each province of the British Empire was put under the Director of Public Instruction (DPI).
The government laid emphasis to make the education secular and religious teaching in schools was discouraged.
Training schools were opened to train the teachers in modern knowledge and teaching methods.
The Despatch also put emphasis on women’s and technical education.
It also made provisions for award of scholarship for proficiency in studies to encourage meritorious students. The Government did little to execute the recommendations.
English literacy was necessary for appointment in government services, and popularity was gained in English medium schools.
Emphasis on the English medium also stopped the education from spreading to the masses.
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