Charter Act of 1833


The Government of India Act 1833 : (Charter Act of 1833)

The act was an extension of the royal charter granted to the company.

This act extended the charter by 20 years.

The Indian administration was centralized by the 1833 Charter Act.

The Governor-General of Bengal was re-designated as Governor-General of Indians.

Lord William Bentinck became India’s first governor-general under this rule.

This deprived the legislative authority of the governors of Bombay and Madras.

The administration of the Governor-General was known as the “Government of India” and it’s Council as the “India Council.”

Exclusive legislative powers over all of British India were given to the Governor-General and his Executive council.

All law courts in British Indian territories used to follow the laws enacted by the Governor-General in Council.

The President of the Board of Control became Minister of Indian Affairs under the Charter Act of 1833.

British East India Company’s commercial activities were ended by the act.

Now the company was a purely administrative body.

The act ended the Company’s lost monopoly in trade with China.

For the selection of civil services, the act introduces a system of open competition.

Court of Directors opposed this provision of open competition and retained the right of appointing Company officials.