Civil Disobedience Movement – 1930


Civil Disobedience Movement

Under the leadership of M. K. Gandhi, the Civil Disobedience Movement was launched in 1930.

Gandhiji wrote a letter to Lord Irwin, the Viceroy of India.

Gandhiji also communicated the decision to launch the ‘Satyagraha’ campaign by manufacturing salt at Dandi, a village on the sea coast of Gujarat, in case his eleven-point demands were turned down by the Government.

Some of these demands were

–the abolition of the salt tax

–the reduction of the land revenue

–reduction of military expenditure

–the reduction of expenditure on civil administration

–imposition of customs duty on foreign cloth

–the release of all political prisoners

–prohibition of intoxicants

–abolish the CID department

 

Program of Civil Disobedience Movement

Boycott of courts of law, legislatures, elections, Government functionaries, Schools, and Colleges.

The people would not pay any tax to the Government.

They would not accept any act which they considered as going against their conscience.