Coastal Plains – East Coastal and West Coastal


East  Coastal Plain

East Coastal Plain stretches from Ganga Delta in the north to Kanyakumari in the south along the shore of the Bay of Bengal.

East Coastal Plain is broader than the western coastal plain.

This plain contains the Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna and Kaveri Rivers deltas.

The notable lagoons of this plain are Chilka, Pulicat, and Koluru lakes.

Such lakes were created by enclosing behind the sand bars small sections of the Bay of Bengal.

Lake Chilka is situated in the south of the Mahanadi Delta.  In length, the lake reaches 75 km.

Lake Pulicut is situated north of the city Chennai.

Lake Koluru is situated between the rivers of the Godavari and Krishna deltas.

The eastern coastal plain is fertile, where rice grows in abundance.

 

West Coastal Plain

West Coastal Plain stretches along the Arab Sea from north Rann of Kutchch to south Kanyakumari.

The western coastal plains are narrower than the eastern coastal plain, with the exception of the Gujarat plain.

This plain is comparatively larger from southern Gujarat to Mumbai but it narrows south of Mumbai.

Occasionally, rugged domes and hills can be seen in the plains of Gujarat, the Kuchch Rann, and the Kathiawar plains.

The Gujarat plains are made of black soil.

The coastal strip between Daman in the north and Goa in the south which stretches for about 500 km is called Konkan.

This area is heavily dissected and has many natural harbors, the coastline is indented or irregular.

There are many small, seasonal rivers that flow through this area.

The coast from Goa to Mangalore is known as the coast of Karnataka.

The coast from Mangalore to Kanyakumari is named the coast of Malabar. The coastal plain is broader here.

There are a variety of long, small lagoons.

80 Kilometers long Vembanad is one such example.

The port of Kochi sits on one of the lagoons.

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