Communal Award

British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald made the Communal award on August 16, 1932. 

Separate electorates were granted by the communal award for Lower Castes, Muslims, Buddhists, Sikhs, Indian Christians, Anglo-Indians, Europeans, and Untouchables.

The Untouchables were assigned a number of seats to be filled by election from special constituencies in which voters belonging to the Untouchables only could vote.

The Award was opposed by Gandhiji, who was in Yervada jail and fasted in protest against it.

Gandhi was firmly opposed to the Communal Award on the basis that it would tear down Hindu society.

It was supported by many among the minority communities, most notably the Untouchable’s leader, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar.

After prolonged talks, Gandhi entered an agreement with Dr. Ambedkar to create a single Hindu electorate, with seats reserved for Untouchables in it.

This is called the Poona Pact.

Electorates for other religions like Muslims, Buddhists, Sikhs, Indian Christians, Anglo-Indians, and Europeans remained separate.


Indian History Quiz