CRIPPS MISSION – 1942


Cripps mission

The Cripps mission was sent to India by the British Government to gain full Indian support for their World War II efforts.

Sir Stafford Cripps, a senior left-wing politician and government minister in Prime Minister Winston Churchill’s War Cabinet, led the mission.

Sir Stafford Cripps was sent out to reach a settlement with the Nationalist leaders, speaking for the Indian majority, and Muhammad Ali Jinnah, speaking for the Muslim minority.

Proposals of the mission:

India was promised Dominion Status with the power to secede from the British Commonwealth.

A constituent assembly would be assembled after the war to draft a new constitution. 

Members of this assembly would be partly elected through proportional representation by the provincial legislatures and partly nominated by the princes. 

The British Government would implement the constitution framed by this body.

It gave all British Indian provinces the right to reject the constitution so drawn up and maintain its current constitutional status.

It also gave the right to the provinces of British India to frame another constitution.

Proposals for the Cripps mission did not satisfy Indian nationalists.

The official Congress negotiators were Nehru and Maulana Azad.

Complete Independence was not promised.

a national government of the Indian people was not mentioned in the proposal.

Congress rejected the offer.

The Muslim League rejected the offer because the government did not provide for an equal partnership to Muslims in the Central and Provincial Government Other groups also objected to the province’s right to secede.

Liberals viewed the proposals against the unity of India.

The depressed classes felt partition would leave them at the mercy of the Hindus. 

The Sikhs objected that Punjab would be taken away from them by the partition.

Gandhiji said that Cripps’ offer of Dominion Status after the war was a “post-dated cheque drawn on a crashing bank“.

 

 

Read More:

Which of the following recommendation was made by Cripps Mission?

[1] General elections in the provinces would be arranged as soon as the war ended.

[2] A new Indian dominion, associated with the United Kingdom, would be created.

[3] Those provinces not joining the dominion could form their own separate union.

[4] Minorities were to be protected.

Answer options:

[A] 1, 2 and 3 only

[B] 2, 3 and 4 only

[C] 1, 3 and 4 only

[D] 1, 2, 3 and 4

 

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