Desert Soils


Desert soils

Desert soils are found in western Rajasthan, Saurashtra, Kutchchh, western Haryana and southern Punjab.

The occurrence of these soils is related to the desert and semi-desertic conditions and is defined by the absence of water availability for six months.

Because of poor organic matter, low humus contents, infrequent rainfall, low moisture and long drought season the soil is sandy.

The soils exhibit poorly developed horizons.

Plants are widely spaced.

Chemical weathering is limited.

The color of the soil is either red or light brown.

Generally, these soils lack the basic requirements for agriculture, but when water is available, a variety of crops like cotton, rice, wheat, etc. can be grown with a proper dose of fertilizers.

 

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Alluvial Soils

Black Soils (Regur)

Red Soils

Laterite Soils

Mountain Soils

Soil Erosion and its Conservation