Difference between Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council
|Legislative Assembly||Legislative Council|
|Legislative Assembly is the lower house of the State legislature.||Legislative Council is the upper house of the States legislature.|
|Representatives of the Legislative Assembly are directly elected by the people on the basis of universal adult franchise.||Representatives of the Legislative Council are indirectly elected.|
Maximum 500 and Minimum 60.
|Maximum strength - one-third of the total strength of the assembly|
Minimum strength- 40.
|The governor can nominate one member from the Anglo-Indian community in the assembly.||5/6 of the total number of members of a legislative council is indirectly elected and 1/6 are nominated by the governor.|
|Duration of the Legislative Assembly is five years.||The Legislative Council is a continuing chamber, that is, it is a permanent body and is not subject to dissolution.|
|A person to be chosen a member of the legislative assembly must be not less than 25 years of age.||A person to be chosen a member of the legislative council must be not less than 30 years of age.|
|A Money Bill can be introduced in the legislative assembly only and that too on the recommendation of the governor.||A Money Bill cannot be introduced in the legislative council.|
|The final power to decide whether a particular bill is a money bill or not is vested in the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly.||Such power is not vested in the Chairman of Legislative Council.|
|The final power of passing an ordinary bill also lies with the assembly.||Legislative Council is only a dilatory chamber or an advisory body.|
|Legislative Assembly can vote on the demands for grants.||The Legislative Council can only discuss the budget but cannot vote on the demands for grants.|
|The Assembly participates in the election of the president of India.||The council does not participate in the election of the president of India.|
1* Strength of assembly in case of Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, and Goa, the minimum number is fixed at 30 and in case of Mizoram and Nagaland; it is 40 and 46 respectively.
2* Members of the Rajya Sabha from each State are elected only by the members of Assembly and not of the Council.
3* The Council of Ministers of the State is responsible to the Legislative Assembly only.