Difference between Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council
|Legislative Assembly||Legislative Council|
|This is State legislature’s lower house.||This is the upper house of the state legislature.|
|Legislative Assembly members are directly chosen by the people based on universal adult franchise.||Representatives of the Legislative Council are indirectly elected.|
|Strength- Maximum 500 and Minimum 60.||Maximum strength – one-third of the total strength of the assembly Minimum strength- 40.|
|The governor can nominate one member from the Anglo-Indian community in the assembly.||5/6 of the total number of members of a legislative council is indirectly elected and 1/6 are nominated by the governor.|
|The duration of the Legislative Assembly is five years.||This is a continuing chamber.|
|A person to be chosen as a member of the legislative assembly must be not less than 25 years of age.||A person to be chosen as a member of the legislative council must be not less than 30 years of age.|
|A Money Bill can only be introduced in the legislative assembly and on the recommendation of the governor.||Such a Bill (money bill) cannot be introduced in the legislative council.|
|The Speaker of the Legislative Assembly shall have the sole authority to determine whether or not a specific bill is a money bill.||The Chairman of the Legislative Council does not have such power.|
|The assembly also has the sole power to pass an ordinary law.||Legislative Council is only a dilatory chamber or an advisory body.|
|Legislative Assembly can vote on the demands for grants.||The Legislative Council can only discuss the budget but cannot vote on the demands for grants.|
|The Assembly participates in the election of the president of India.||The house does not participate in the election of the president of India.|
1* Strength of assembly in case of Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, and Goa, the minimum number is fixed at 30 and in case of Mizoram and Nagaland; it is 40 and 46 respectively.
2* Members of the Rajya Sabha from each State are elected only by the members of Assembly and not of the Council.
3* The Council of Ministers of the State is responsible to the Legislative Assembly only.