Difference between Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council


Difference between Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council

Legislative AssemblyLegislative Council
This is State legislature’s lower house.This is the upper house of the state legislature.
Legislative Assembly members are directly chosen by the people based on universal adult franchise.Representatives of the Legislative Council are indirectly elected.
Strength- Maximum 500 and Minimum 60.Maximum strength – one-third of the total strength of the assembly Minimum strength- 40.
The governor can nominate one member from the Anglo-Indian community in the assembly.5/6 of the total number of members of a legislative council is indirectly elected and 1/6 are nominated by the governor.
The duration of the Legislative Assembly is five years.This is a continuing chamber.
A person to be chosen as a member of the legislative assembly must be not less than 25 years of age.A person to be chosen as a member of the legislative council must be not less than 30 years of age.
A Money Bill can only be introduced in the legislative assembly and on the recommendation of the governor.Such a Bill (money bill) cannot be introduced in the legislative council.
The Speaker of the Legislative Assembly shall have the sole authority to determine whether or not a specific bill is a money bill.The Chairman of the Legislative Council does not have such power.
The assembly also has the sole power to pass an ordinary law.Legislative Council is only a dilatory chamber or an advisory body.
Legislative Assembly can vote on the demands for grants.The Legislative Council can only discuss the budget but cannot vote on the demands for grants.
The Assembly participates in the election of the president of India.The house does not participate in the election of the president of India.

 

1* Strength of assembly in case of Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, and Goa, the minimum number is fixed at 30 and in case of Mizoram and Nagaland; it is 40 and 46 respectively.

2* Members of the Rajya Sabha from each State are elected only by the members of Assembly and not of the Council.

3* The Council of Ministers of the State is responsible to the Legislative Assembly only.

 

Read more:

Composition of the State Legislature

Powers And Functions Of The State Legislature

Legislative Assembly Vs. Legislative Council