Difference between Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council


Difference between Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council

Legislative AssemblyLegislative Council
Legislative Assembly is the lower house of the State legislature.Legislative Council is the upper house of the States legislature.
Representatives of the Legislative Assembly are directly elected by the people on the basis of universal adult franchise.Representatives of the Legislative Council are indirectly elected.
Strength-
Maximum 500 and Minimum 60.
Maximum strength - one-third of the total strength of the assembly

Minimum strength- 40.
The governor can nominate one member from the Anglo-Indian community in the assembly.5/6 of the total number of members of a legislative council is indirectly elected and 1/6 are nominated by the governor.
Duration of the Legislative Assembly is five years.The Legislative Council is a continuing chamber, that is, it is a permanent body and is not subject to dissolution.
A person to be chosen a member of the legislative assembly must be not less than 25 years of age.A person to be chosen a member of the legislative council must be not less than 30 years of age.
A Money Bill can be introduced in the legislative assembly only and that too on the recommendation of the governor.A Money Bill cannot be introduced in the legislative council.
The final power to decide whether a particular bill is a money bill or not is vested in the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly.Such power is not vested in the Chairman of Legislative Council.
The final power of passing an ordinary bill also lies with the assembly.Legislative Council is only a dilatory chamber or an advisory body.
Legislative Assembly can vote on the demands for grants.The Legislative Council can only discuss the budget but cannot vote on the demands for grants.
The Assembly participates in the election of the president of India. The council does not participate in the election of the president of India.

1* Strength of assembly in case of Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, and Goa, the minimum number is fixed at 30 and in case of Mizoram and Nagaland; it is 40 and 46 respectively.

2* Members of the Rajya Sabha from each State are elected only by the members of Assembly and not of the Council.

3* The Council of Ministers of the State is responsible to the Legislative Assembly only.

 

Read more:

Composition of the State Legislature

Powers And Functions Of The State Legislature

Legislative Assembly Vs. Legislative Council