Directive Principles of State Policy
Directive Principles of State Policy are in the form of instructions/guidelines to the governments at the center as well as states.
Though these principles are non-justiciable, they are fundamental in the governance of the country.
The idea of Directive Principles of State Policy has been taken from the Irish Republic.
They were incorporated in our Constitution in order to provide economic justice and to avoid concentration of wealth in the hands of a few people.
They are, in fact, the directives to the future governments to incorporate them in the decisions and policies to be formulated by them.
These are the constitutional recommendations to the State in legislative, executive and administrative matters.
The Directive Principles resemble the ‘Instrument of Instructions’ enumerated in the Government of India Act of 1935.
In the words of Dr B. R. Ambedkar, ‘the Directive Principles are like the instrument of instructions, which were issued to the Governor-General and to the Governors of the colonies of India by the British Government under the Government of India Act of 1935.
Directive Principles embody the concept of a ‘welfare state’ and not that of a ‘police state’
Directive Principles of State Policy have been grouped into four categories.
 The economic and social principles
 The Gandhian principles,
 Principles and Policies relating to international peace and security
The economic and social Principles
The state shall endeavour to achieve Social and Economic welfare of the people by:
providing adequate means of livelihood for both men and women.
reorganizing the economic system in a way to avoid concentration of wealth in few hands.
securing equal pay for equal work for both men and women.
securing suitable employment and healthy working conditions for men, women and children.
guarding the children against exploitation and moral degradation.
making effective provisions for securing the right to work, education and public assistance in case of unemployment, old age, sickness and disablement.
making provisions for securing just and humane conditions of work and for maternity relief.
taking steps to secure the participation of workers in the management of undertakings etc.
promoting education and economic interests of working sections of the people especially the SCs and STs.
securing for all the workers reasonable leisure and cultural opportunities.
making efforts to raise the standard of living and public health.
providing early childhood care and education to all children until they complete the age of 6 years.
The Gandhian Principles
There are certain principles, based on the ideals advocated by M.K. Gandhi.
These Principles are as follows :
To organize village Panchayats
To promote cottage industries in rural areas
To prohibit intoxicating drinks and drugs those are injurious to health.
To preserve and improve the breeds of the cattle and prohibit slaughter of cows, calves and other milch and drought animals
Directive Principles of State Policy Relating to International Peace and Security:
India should render active cooperation for world peace and security and for that the state shall endeavour to:
promote international peace and security.
maintain just and honourable relations between nations.
foster respect for international laws and treaty obligations.
encourage settlements of international disputes by mutual agreement.
The Directive Principles in this category call upon the state:
To secure for all Indians a uniform civil code
To protect historical monuments
To save environment from pollution and protect wild life
To make arrangements for disbursement of free legal justice through suitable legislation