India is struggling with disasters from many years.

India is a disaster prone country.

The reasons are:

[1] Over 55% of the land area is vulnerable to earthquakes,

[2] 12% is flood prone,

[3] 8% is vulnerable to cyclones and

[4] 70% of the land under cultivation is drought prone.


Natural Hazards and Disasters

The vulnerability of environment has been increasing continuously due to human activities.

For example, the blizzard blowing in the Antarctica is a natural event.

But if this blizzard poses dangers to our lives and property, then it becomes a disaster.

For instance, tsunami was caused by an earthquake that occurred in the sea near Sumatra (Indonesia) on 26 December, 2004.

It turned into a disaster for India, Sri Lanka and some other countries of Southeast Asia.

It caused wide spread loss to human life and property in Andaman and Nicobar Islands and on the coasts of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.