Dry Tropical Vegetation


Dry Tropical Vegetation is divided into two groups as under:

[1] Dry Tropical Deciduous Vegetation

It is found in regions receiving annual rainfall between 70 to 100 cms.

These regions include parts of Uttar Pradesh, northern and western Madhya Pradesh, parts of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

These areas experience a long dry season and a moderate rainfall limited at best to four months.

The important characteristics of this vegetation are:

[1] Stretches of open grass are most common between group of trees. Teak is the dominant tree of this type of vegetation.

[2] The trees shed their leaves during the long dry season.

 

[2] Dry Tropical Thorny Vegetation

It is found in areas receiving annual rainfall less than 70 cms.

These consist of a variety of grasses and shrubs.

These areas include north and northwestern parts of India and leeward side of the Sahyadris.

It includes semi-arid areas of southwest Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.

In these forests, plants remain leafless for the most part of the year and give an expression of scrub vegetation.

Important species found are babool, ber, wild date palm, khair, neem, khejri, Acacia, euphorbias, cactus, palas, etc.

Tussocky grass grows up to a height of 2 m as the undergrowth.