The Salt March (also known as the Dandi March, Salt Satyagraha) was an act of civil disobedience in the form of a nonviolent protest, which took place on 12 March 1930.
The march was initiated by M. K. Gandhi in order to allow the extraction and production of salt from seawater as was the practice of the Indian people.
British officials deemed such production to be illegal and repeatedly used force to stop it.
The March was a direct action campaign of tax resistance and nonviolent protest against the British salt monopoly.
The march gained worldwide attention and gave impetus to the Indian independence movement; it started the nationwide Civil Disobedience Movement.
Gandhi led the Dandi March from his base, Sabarmati Ashram, near the city of Ahmedabad.
On March 12, 1930, Gandhiji led a march from his Sabarmati Ashram with his 78 followers and reached the sea at Dandi on 5th April 1930.
On the morning of 6th April Gandhiji and other ‘Satyagrahis’ prepared salt as an instance of braking the Salt Law.
On 5th May 1930, Gandhiji and other top leaders of Congress were imprisoned.
Gandhiji and other important leaders of Congress were released from jails in the last week of January 1931.
The situation forced the British Government to negotiate with the Congress for a rapprochement. As a result of a long negotiation, on 5th March 1931, the Gandhi-Irwin Pact was signed.
In the North-West Frontier Province, the movement was led by Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, popularly known as ‘Frontier Gandhi’.