In 1873, the British government by an Act had proclaimed that in criminal matters no Indian judge could try a European accused.
Under Lord Ripon’s instruction Sir Ilbert, the Law Member of the Council, introduced a Bill who sought to abolish the discrimination between the Indians and the Europeans.
This Bill of 1883 is popularly known as the ‘Ilbert Bill‘.
It allowed Indian judges to try the cases involving the Europeans.
The bill was then passed on 25 January 1884 as the Criminal Procedure Code Amendment Act 1884, coming into force on 1 May of that year.
Immediately, the whole European community began an agitation to oppose the bill.
These protests forced the government to withdraw the bill.
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