Indian Polity Notes


Indian Polity Notes 

Salient Features of the Constitution of India

The Preamble

Preamble and the salient features of the Constitution of India

 

FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS

Right to Equality (Articles 14, 15, 16, 17, 18)

Right to Freedom (Articles 19, 20, 21, 22)

Right against Exploitation (Articles 23–24)

Right to freedom of religion (Article 25, 26, 27, 28)

Cultural and educational rights (Articles 29–30)

Right to Constitutional Remedies [Article 32]

 

DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY

Distinction between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles

Relationship between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles

FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES

 

INDIAN FEDERAL SYSTEM

Nature of Indian Federation

Legislative Relations between Centre and State

Administrative Relations between Centre and State

Financial Relations between Centre and State

 

AMENDMENT OF THE CONSTITUTION

Types of the Constitution Amendments

 

Emergency Provision in the Indian Constitution

 

THE PRESIDENT OF INDIA

Removal of the President

Vacancy in the Office of the President

Executive Powers of the President

Legislative Powers of the President

Financial Powers of the President

Judicial Powers of the President

Veto Power of the President

Ordinance-Making Power of the President

Pardoning Power of the President

Position of the President

 

THE VICE-PRESIDENT OF INDIA

 

PRIME MINISTER

The Council of Ministers and the Cabinet

 

PARLIAMENT OF INDIA

Rajya Sabha

Lok Sabha

The Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha

Question Hour and Zero Hour

Motions in the Parliament of India

The functions and powers of the Indian Parliament

Law-making Procedure in the Parliament – Ordinary Bills and Money Bills

Financial Bills

What is a joint sitting of both the houses of the Parliament in India?

The Budget

 

State Council of Ministers

Chief Minister

Powers of the Governor—Executive, Legislative, Judicial, Emergency, Discretionary

Governor

The State High Courts-India

Powers and Jurisdiction of the High Court

Subordinate or Lower Courts in Districts

 

SUPREME COURT OF INDIA

Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court — Original, Appellate, Advisory

Supreme Court the guardian of the Constitution and Protector of Fundamental Rights

Judicial Review

Public Interest Litigation (PIL)

Supreme Court advocates

STATE LEGISLATURE- VIDHAN SABHA AND VIDHAN PARISHAD

Powers and Functions of the State Legislature

Legislative Assembly Vs. Legislative Council

 

Special Provision for Some States in the Constitution of India

Panchayat Raj in India- Its Evolution

 

Three-tier Structure of Panchayati Raj – Gram Panchayat, Panchayat Samiti and Zila Parishad

 

Types of Urban Governments

 Union Territories

The Scheduled and Tribal Areas-Fifth and Sixth Schedule

Election Commission of India

Electoral System and Election process in India

The Union Public Service Commission – Its Functions and Composition

State Public Service Commissions – Their Functions and Composition

Finance Commission of India

State Finance Commission

National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes

 

Attorney General of India

Advocate General of the State

Planning Commission of India

National Development Council (NDC)

National Human Rights Commission of India

State Human Rights Commission India

 

 

Lokpal and Lokayukta

Co-operative Societies and 97th Amendment of the Constitution

Official Language and Official Language Act, 1963

 

Administrative Tribunals in India

Rights, Liabilities and Suits of the Union and the States

National Political Parties in India

 

Indian Polity Notes Solved Questions