INDIAN PROVINCIAL ELECTIONS, 1937


Provincial elections were held in 1936-37 as mandated by the Government of India Act 1935.

Elections were held in eleven provinces – Madras, Central Provinces, Bihar, Orissa, United Provinces, Bombay Presidency, Assam, NWFP, Bengal, Punjab and Sindh.

The final results of the elections were declared in February 1937.

The Indian National Congress emerged in power in eight of the provinces – the three exceptions being Bengal, Punjab, and Sindh.

The All-India Muslim League failed to form the government in any province.

The results were in favour of the Indian National Congress. Of the total of 1,585 seats, it won 707.

The All-India Muslim League won 106 seats, placing it as second-ranking party.

The only other party to win more than 5 percent of all the assembly seats was the Unionist Party (Punjab), with 101 seats.

After the election, Muhammad Ali Jinnah of the League offered to form coalitions with the Congress.

The League insisted that the Congress should not nominate any Muslims to the ministries, as it (the League) claimed to be the exclusive representative of Indian Muslims.

This was not acceptable to the Congress, and it declined the League’s offer.