Influence of the Northern Mountain Ranges on the Climate of India

The physical features influence the air temperature, atmospheric pressure, direction of winds and the amount of rainfall in different parts of the country.

Western coastal plains receive more rainfall than the interior parts of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu lying east side of the Western Ghats.

Bay of Bengal branch of Southwest monsoon is bifurcated into two parts – one moving along the Ganga Valley to the west and the other along the Brahmaputra Valley to the east.