JAGIR SYSTEME OF MUGHALS ADMINISTRATION


Under the Mughals, the areas assigned were generally called Jagir and its holders Jagirdars.

The Jagirdari system was an integral part of the mansabdari system which developed under Akbar and underwent certain changes during the reign of his successors.

During Akbar’s period all the territory was broadly divided into two: Khalisa and Jagir.

The revenue from Khalisa went to imperial treasury, and that from Jagir was assigned to Jagirdars in lieu of their cash salary.

The Emperor could shift part or the entire Jagir from one part of the imperial territory to another at any time.

The ratio between Jagir and Khalisa kept fluctuating during the Mughal rule.

During Akbar’s period Khalisa was only 5% of total revenue, under Jahangir it was 10%, under Shahjahan it fluctuated between 9 to 15%.

 

There were various types of Jagirs.

Tankha Jagirs were given in lieu of salaries. Tankha Jagirs were transferable every three to four years.

Mashrut Jagirs were given on certain conditions.

Watan Jagirs were assigned to Zamindar or rajas in their local dominions. Watan Jagirs were hereditary and non transferable.

Altamgha Jagirs were given to Muslim nobles in their family towns or place of birth.

 

The Jagirdars were allowed to collect only authorized revenue in accordance with the imperial regulations.

Amin was posted in each suba to see that Jagirdars were following imperial regulations.

The Faujdar used to help the Jagirdas if they faced any difficulty in the collection of revenue.