JAHANGIR AND SHAHJAHAN


Jahangir decided to follow Akbar’s expansionist policy in the Deccan.

But Jahangir could achieve little success in it due to certain problems.

During the first three years, the Deccan regained half of Balaghat and many districts of Ahmednagar.

Malik Ambar defeated Mughal forces and captured Berar, Balaghat and parts of Ahmednagar. The Mughals could not regain control of the lost territories.

Meanwhile Shah Jahan, son of Jahangir, revolted against his father and became friends with Malik Ambar.

Malik Ambar died in 1627 and was succeeded by his son Fath Khan as Wakil and Peshwa of the kingdom.

Fath Khan was arrogant and during his time the conflict between the Dakhnis and other nobles grew.

During the reign of Jahangir there was no addition to the Mughal territory in Deccan.

The Deccani rulers weakened the Mughal authority in their states.

 

Shah Jahan believed that independence of Ahmednagar was in the way of Mughal control in the Deccan.

He decided to isolate Ahmednagar and win over Bijapur and Marathas. He was successful.

Fath Khan son of Malik Ambar also made peace with Mughals.

Now Mahabat Khan was appointed governor of Deccan.

But the conflict with Deccan states continued.

Finally in 1636 treaties were signed with Bijapur and Golconda.

According to the treaty of Bijapur

     Adil Shah accepted the Mughal suzerainty

     He was to pay 20 lakh rupees as indemnity

     He was not to interfere in the affairs of Golconda

     Adil Shah to help Mughals in conflict against Shahji Bhonsle.

 

According to the treaty of Golconda–

The name of the Mughal emperor in Khutba and exclude the name of Shah of Iran.

Golconda agreed to pay two lakh huns per year to the Mughals.

 

The treaties ended the conflicts in the Deccan.