LITERATURE IN SOUTH INDIA IN MEDIEVAL PERIOD


In the south Villiputturar was an important literary figure of the period.

The tradition of using Sanskrit words and literary expressions is ascribed to him.

Other important works in Tamil are commentaries written by Vaishnava scholars and also commentaries on works of the sangam age like the Tolkappiyam and the Kural.

Many of the works in Tamil literature were related to Shaivism and Vaishnavism.

Among the important works of the medieval period was the Irusamayavilakkam written by Haridasa, the Sivadarumottaram and the Saiva Samayaneri both written by Marainanarbandar.

During this period the most famous Telugu poet was Errapragada who popularized the Champu genre of literary writing (mixed form of verse and prose). He also translated the Bhagavata Purana into Telugu.

The Vijayanagar ruler Krishnadeva Raya wrote the Amuktamalyada in Telugu.

Bhattumurti or Rama Raja Bhushan is known for the Vasucaritra and the Hariscandra Nalopakhyanam (that narrates the story of Nala and Raja Harishchandra).

In the Kannada speaking regions Jain writers dominated the literary compositions of the period.

The works of Basava and his followers who popularized the Virasaiva movement in the region also form an important aspect of Kannada literature.

The patronage of the Hoysala rulers further helped the development of the language.

The Vadi Vidyananda of Geroppa is an anthology of Kannada poets.

The Jain scholar Salva wrote works like the Trilokararara (on cosmology), Aparajiyasataka (on Philosophy) and the Bharataesvaracarita (the story of the famous king Bharata).

 

Malayalam emerged as an independent language during this period.

The language was in oral form and the earliest work composed in the 14th century was the Rama Charitam.

The works of Rama Panikkar who wrote Bharata Gatha, Savitri Mahatmyam and the Bhagavatam are considered important in malayalam.