Littoral and Swamp Forests


Littoral and Swamp Forests are mainly in the deltaic regions of the Ganga, Mahanadi, Godavari and Krishna which are flooded by tides and high sea waves.

In India, the mangrove forests spread over 6,740 sq. km which is 7 percent of the world’s mangrove forests.

They are highly developed in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the Sunderbans of West Bengal.

India has a rich variety of wetland habitats.

About 70 percent of this comprises areas under paddy cultivation.

The total area of wetland is 3.9 million hectares.

These forests can survive in saline water.

Mangrove is the representative of this type of vegetation.

Sundari is the typical tree of tidal forests.

It is found in abundance in the lower Ganga delta of West Bengal.

This is the reason why it is popularly known as Sunderban.

It is known for its hard and durable timber.