Lord Canning – governor general 1858-62


Lord Canning was the first viceroy of India.

He established three universities at Calcutta, Madras, and Bombay.

With the end of the Company’s rule, it was necessary to reorga­nise the armed forces and to pursue a new military policy in order to eliminate the possibility of any revolt in the future.

For this purpose, one-third of the armed forces in India were manned by British soldiers. The artillery was now composed of the British soldiers only.

Indian Council Act of 1861.

The imperial legislative council came into existence after the act.

Indian High court Act 1861 introduced judicial reforms and reorganized the police department.

The recommendations of the Police Commission led to the Indian Police Act of 1861.

Indian Civil Services Act 1861 theoretically opened the services to all subjects but exams only in London.

In 1863 Satyendra Nath Tagore became the first Indian to qualify for the Civil Services.

Lord Canning introduced the portfolio system of the cabinet in the Indian Council Act of 1861

The Queen’s Proclamation was issued at a durbar in Allahabad on Nov 1, 1858, by which the British crown assumed direct responsibility for the administration of the country.

The proclamation restored the right of the Princes to adopt their heirs.

The Bengal Rent Act removed some of the defects of the Permanent Settlement.

 

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