LORD CURZON, 1899-1905


The Indian Coinage and Paper Currency Act passed in 1899.

North West Frontier Province was created in 1900.

Punjab land alienation act was passed in 1901.

In matters of revenue settlement and revenue collection Curzon intro­duced the principle of taking into fullest consideration the condition of the ryots.

He established an Agricultural Depart­ment and placed it under an Inspector General of Agriculture.

He passed Co-operative Societies’ Act of 1904.

The father of co-operative credit in India was Sir Frederick Nicholson, a Madras civilian.

He established the De­partment of Archaeology.

In 1902 Curzon set up a University Commission with widest powers of enquiry into, all aspects of university administration.

Indian University Act was passed in 1904.

The Universities were not to be merely examining bodies but also institutions of higher teaching and research.

For the improvement of the trade and commerce Curzon set up a new department and placed it under a high official.

For the benefit of the low income group Curzon specified a minimum exemption of income from income tax.

For the sons of the rulers of the native States Curzon arranged for military training by forming an Imperial Cadet Corps.

Bengal partition took place in 1905.