Lord Wellesley as governor-general (1798-1805) and Subsidiary Alliance


Wellesley’s aims were expansionism and imperialism.

Another aim was the removal of French influence from India.

To achieve his political aims Wellesley relied on three methods: the system of’ Subsidiary Alliances‘, outright war, and the assumption of the territories of previously subordinated rulers.

Robert Clive and Warren Hastings followed the same policy.

 

Events occurred during his tenure

Formation of Madras Presidency after the annexation of the Kingdoms of Tanjore and Carnatic.

Censorship of Press Act 1799 was passed.

Fourth Anglo- Mysore War 1799 and defeat of Tipu Sultan

Wellesley annexed the South Kanara coast, Wynaad  in the south-east, Coimbatore and Darupuram in the south-east besides Shrirangapattanam.

Treaty of Bassien with Bajirao II and second Anglo- Maratha war.

The company’s territorial gains included the upper doab, all territories north of the Rajput states of Jaipur, Jodhpur, and Gohud, the part of Baroach, the Fort of Ahmedabad and Cuttack in Orissa.

Wellesley established the Fort William College in Calcutta in 1800.

He opened Administrative Training College.

During his tenure, Christian missionaries established a printing press at Serampore.

In 1799 Wellesley took the administration of Tanjore, Surat, and Carnatic.

The policy of Wellesley:

Those native princes or rulers who would enter into Subsidiary Alliance would not be free to declare war against any other power, nor enter into negotiations with, any power, native or otherwise without the con­sent of the English.

The princes who were comparatively strong and powerful would be permitted to retain their armies, but their armies must be placed under British generals.

The security of the dominion of a prince who would enter into Subsidiary Alliance would be the responsibility of the English.

The expenses of forces had to be borne by the prince for which adequate area of his dominion had to be surren­dered to the English.

The system of Subsidiary Alliances also led to the disbandment of the armies of the protected states.

The Nizam of Hydera­bad  was the first Indian ruler to accept the system of Subsidiary Alliance.

The Nawab of Awadh was forced to sign a Subsidiary Treaty in 1801.

Wellesley worked incessantly to strengthen inevitable struggle with the British, He entered into negotiations for an alliance with Revolutionary France.

He sent missions to Afghanistan, Arabia, and Turkey to forge an anti-British alliance.

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