Lord William Bentinck 1828-35


Lord William Bentinck was a man of peace, discipline and of the economy.

He was a liberal reformist who took an active part in the reform movement of England.

He was the first Governor-General who was sympathetic towards the Indian people and also tried to remove difficulties of the Indians.

After Cornwallis, it was Governor-General Lord William Bentick who paid attention to any new administrative reforms and introduced some changes in the sphere of administration.

He started the practice of appointing Indians in the Company’s service.

Cornwallis had stopped appointing Indians in administrative service.

Bentick appointed Indians in government service.

Now the educated Indians were also appointed to the post of Deputy Magistrate and Deputy Collector.

Bentick had introduced land revenue settlement in the North-Western province.

The Provincial Courts of appeal and circuit had been largely responsible for the huge arrears of cases.

The judicial procedure followed in these courts often resulted in delays and uncertainties.

Bentinck abolished these courts.

He established different grades of courts to avoid delay in the trial of cases.

He established a Supreme Court in Agra. The civil and criminal appeals were heard in this court.

A separate Sadar Diwani Adalat and Sadr Nizamat Adalat were set up at Allahabad for the convenience of the people of Delhi and Upper Provinces.

Lord William Bentinck also reduced the severity of the punishment.

In higher courts, Persian was replaced by English as the court language.

Qualified Indians were appointed as Munsiffs and Sadar Amins.

Bentinck reduced the high salary of civil Servants.

During those days opium was produced in Central India and was sent to China from Karachi. Bentick changed the route of the trade from Karachi to Bombay which gave the company a share in the profits in the form of duties.

Bentick also enhanced the income of the company by appointing Indians in administrative posts. The Indians were paid less salaries in comparison to their European Counterparts.

On the recommendations Lord Macauley, the decision was taken that the amount which was kept for education should be spent on the education of the Indians and the education be imparted through English medium.

The English language also became the official language and it helped the people of India for exchange of ideas.

William Bentinck is famous for his social reforms in Indian.

By the abolition of the systems of ‘Sati’ and the human sacrifice, he freed the society from two of the worst superstitions.

Raja Rammohan Roy the great Indian reformer supported this pioneering Venture of Bentinck.

Bentinck suppressed the system of Thugee. By the end of 1834 Thugee System was completely stopped.

 

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