The Macro Management of Agriculture Scheme is one of the centrally-sponsored schemes formulated with the objective to ensure that central assistance is spent on focused areas and specific interventions for the development of agriculture is made across the States in the country.
The scheme provides sufficient flexibility to the states to develop and pursue the programmes on the basis of their regional priorities.
Thus, the states have been given a free hand to finalize their sector-wise allocation as per requirements of their developmental priorities.
However, with the launching of the National Horticulture Mission (NHM) in 2005-06, altogether 10 schemes/components pertaining to horticulture development were taken out of the purview of this scheme.
For further development, three institutions have been commissioned to make an impact assessment of the Macro Management of Agriculture Scheme in different areas.
They are: IIM (Calcutta), NABARD Consultancy Limited and Agricultural Finance Corporation Limited respectively.
Thus, the MMA scheme contains with 17 components or sub-schemes after the launching of NHM in 2005-06, focusing mainly on rice, wheat, coarse cereals, farm mechanisation and watershed development, etc.
The states are also free to include new interventions in the work plans, provided these are not covered under any other scheme of Central Government or are not part of any on-going State Government schemes.
Financial assistance and Release of funds—
The approved pattern of financial assistance under this scheme is in the ratio of 90:10 between the centre and the states respectively, except in the case of north–eastern states, in case of which 100 per cent central assistance is extended.
Central assistance to the states is released in two installments in the ratio of 80 per cent as grants and 20 per cent as loans.
Revised Macro Management of Agriculture (MMA) Schemes—
In the year 2008, the Macro-Management of Agriculture scheme was revised.
The role of the scheme has been redefined—
–to avoid overlapping and duplication of efforts and
–to make it more relevant to the present agricultural scenario in the states for achieving the basic objective of food security, and
–to improve the livelihood system for rural people
The revision of the scheme was made in the month of July 2008 after launching the new initiatives, namely the National Food Security Mission (NFSM) and Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY).