India ranks third in the production of manganese ore in the world, next only to Russia and South Africa.
About one fourth of the total production of India exported.
Manganese ore forms an important ingredient in the manufacture of iron and steel.
About 85 percent of total manganese consumption in India is used by metallurgical industries.
The important areas of production are in Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.
Over 78 percent of total reserves of manganese ore of India occur in a belt stretching from Nagpur and Bhandara districts of Maharashtra to Balaghat and Chindwara district of Madhya Pradesh.
But these two states contribute only 12 and 14 percent of total production respectively.
The remaining 22 percent of reserves are distributed in Orissa, Karnataka, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Goa and Andhra Pradesh.
Orissa tops in the production of manganese accounting for 37% of the total production of the country. Its reserves are only 12 percent of total reserves of India.
The important mining districts are Sundargarh, Rayagada, Bolangir, Keonjhar, Jajpur, and Mayurbhanj.
In Karnataka, the deposits are located in the districts of Shimoga, Chitrdurga, Tumkur, Bellary, Bijapur, Chikmagalur and Dharwar.
Karnataka is the second largest producer of manganese ore, accounting for 26 percent of country’s total productions.
It accounts for 6.41 percent of country’s total reserves.
Andhra Pradesh contributes about 8 percent of India’s total production, although her reserves are insignificant.