The British Government was worried about the growing influence of the Communist International.
The Meerut Conspiracy case trial helped the Communist Party of India to consolidate its position among workers.
S. A. Dange along with 32 persons were arrested on or about 20 March 1929 and were put on trial under Section 121A of the Indian Penal Code.
The main charges were that in 1921 S. A. Dange, Shaukat Usmani and Muzaffar Ahmad entered into a conspiracy to establish a branch of the Comintern in India and they were helped by various persons, including the accused Philip Spratt and Benjamin Francis Bradley, sent to India by the Communist International.
Though all the accused were not communists, the charges framed against them betrayed the British government’s fear for growth of communist ideas in India.
In the trial the accused were all labeled as Bolsheviks.
As a result, the trial saw strengthening of the communist movement in the country.