Moist Tropical Deciduous Vegetation

These are the most widespread forests in India.

They are also called the monsoon forests.

These forests consist of a larger number of commercially important species than the evergreen forests.

This type of vegetation is found in areas receiving an annual rainfall of 70 cm to 200 cms.


The Moist deciduous forests are found in the regions which receive rainfall between 100-200 cm.

These forests are found in the northeastern states along the foothills of the Himalayas in the Siwaliks, the bhabars and terai, eastern slopes of the Western Ghats and Orissa.

The main species of these forests: Teak, sal, shisham, hurra, mahua, amla, semul, kusum, and sandalwood etc. are


Dry deciduous forests found in areas where rainfall ranges between 70 -100 cm.

On the wetter margins, it has a transition to the moist deciduous, while on the drier margins to thorn forests.

These forests are found in rainier areas of the Peninsula and the plains of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.

In the higher rainfall regions of the Peninsular plateau and the northern Indian plain, these forests have a parkland landscape with open stretches in which teak and other trees interspersed with patches of grass are common.

As the dry season begins, the trees shed their leaves completely and the forest appears like a vast grassland with naked trees all around.

Tendu, palas, amaltas, bel, khair, axlewood, etc. are the common trees of these forests.

In the western and southern part of Rajasthan, vegetation cover is very scanty due to low rainfall and overgrazing.