MUSIC IN MEDIEVAL PERIOD


The important phase in the development of music during this period belongs to the time of Amir Khusrau.

It is during this period that the qawwali style is said to have developed.

He developed many modern ragas like aiman, gora and sanam.

He created a new musical instrument, the sitar that was a combination of the Indian vina and the Iranian tambura.

 

The Turks brought musical instruments like rabab and sarangi into South Asia.

In Vrindavan Swami Haridas promoted music and is considered to have taught Tansen who was at the court of the Mughal emperor Akbar.

Tansen introduces ragas like Miyan ki Malhar, Miyan ki Todi and Darbari.

 

Raja Mansingh  played an important role in the perfection of the Dhrupad style of North Indian Music.

In the south a system of ragas known as the Janaka and Janya ragas existed during this period.

The Swaramela Kalanidhi by Ramamatya of Kondavidu written in 1550 describes 20 Janan and 64 Janya ragas.

By the 18th century several new forms of music like Tarana, Dadra and Ghazal had come into existence.