In India this order was established by Khwaja Bahauddin Naqshbandi.

The mystics of this Order stressed on the observance of the shariat and denounced all innovations or biddat.

Sheikh Baqi Billah the successor to Khawaja Bahauddin Naqshbandi settled near Delhi, and his successor Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi attempted to purge Islam from all liberal and what he believed were ‘un-Islamic’ practices.

He opposed the listening of sama (religious music) and the practice of pilgrimage to the tombs of saints.

He opposed interaction with Hindus and Shias.

He believed that he was the mujaddid (renewer) of the first millennium of Islam.

He emphasised the individual’s unique relation of faith and responsibility to God as creator.