National Food Security Mission


The National Development Council (NDC) in its 53rd meeting held on 29th May, 2007 adopted a resolution to launch a Food Security Mission comprising rice, wheat and pulses to increase the annual production of rice by 10 million tons, wheat by 8 million tons and pulses by 2 million tons by the end of the Eleventh Plan (2011-12).

Accordingly, a Centrally Sponsored Scheme, ‘National Food Security Mission’ (NFSM), was launched in October 2007.

The Mission met with overwhelming success and achieved the targeted additional production of rice, wheat and pulses.

The Mission is being continued during 12th Five Year Plan with new targets of additional production of food grains of 25 million tons of food grains comprising of 10 million tons rice, 8 million tons of wheat, 4 million tons of pulses and 3 million tons of coarse cereals by the end of 12th Five Year Plan.

The National Food Security Mission (NFSM) during the 12th Five Year Plan will have five components—

[1] NFSM- Rice

[2] NFSM-Wheat

[3] NFSM-Pulses

[4] NFSM-Coarse cereals

[5] NFSM-Commercial Crops

 

Objectives—

[1] Increasing production of rice, wheat, pulses and coarse cereals through area expansion and productivity enhancement in a sustainable manner in the identified districts of the country;

[2] Restoring soil fertility and productivity at the individual farm level; and

[3] Enhancing farm level economy (i.e. farm profits) to restore confidence amongst the farmers.

 

Strategy—

To achieve the above objectives, the Mission would adopt the following strategies—

[1] Focus on low productivity and high potential districts including cultivation of food grain crops in rainfed areas.

[2] Implementation of cropping system-centric interventions in a Mission mode approach through active engagement of all the stakeholders at various levels.

[3] Agro-climatic zone wise planning and cluster approach for crop productivity enhancement.

[4] Focus on pulse production through utilization of rice fallow, rice bunds and intercropping of pulses with coarse cereals, oilseeds and commercial crops (sugarcane, cotton, jute).

[5] Promotion and extension of improved technologies i.e., seed, integrated nutrient management (INM) including micronutrients, soil amendments, integrated pest management (IPM), input use efficiency and resource conservation technologies along with the capacity building of the farmers/extension functionaries.

[6] Close monitoring of the flow of funds to ensure the timely reach of interventions to the target beneficiaries.

[7] Integration of various proposed interventions and targets with the district plan of each identified district.

[8] Constant monitoring and concurrent evaluation by the implementing agencies for assessing the impact of the interventions for a result oriented approach.

Structure

National Level

The General Council (GC) constituted under the chairmanship of the Union Agriculture Minister would continue to function in the 12th Plan.

The GC is the policy-making body providing suitable directives and guidance to the Mission and reviewing the overall progress and development of the scheme.

State Level

The State Food Security Mission Executive Committee (SFSMEC) constituted by the State Government under the chairmanship of Chief Secretary to oversee the activities of the Mission in the State will continue.

District Level

At the district level, the scheme will be implemented through ATMA (Agriculture Technology Management Agency).

The State Level Agency will provide the required funds to the District Level Agency for execution of the programme at the district/block level.

Chairman— District Collector/CEO of Zilla Parishad

The project listed below now stands discontinued and merged with NFSM.

[1] Initiative for Nutritional Security through Intensive Millets Promotion (INSIMP) Programme.

[2] Maize component of Integrated Scheme of Oilseeds, Pulses, Oil palm and Maize (ISOPOM).

[3] Dual purpose coarse cereals of Accelerated Fodder Development Programme (AFDP).

[4] Technology Mission on Cotton (TMC).

[5] Jute Technology Mission (JTM).