After the failure of Simon Commission, there was no alternative for the British government but to ask the local people to frame a constitution for themselves.
They knew that the Congress and Muslim League were the two main parties and that they both had serious difference of opinions.
They asked them to draw a draft of the forthcoming Act on which both Hindus and Muslims could agree.
The Indian leaders accepted the challenge and for this purpose, the All Parties Conference was held at Delhi in January 1928.
Unfortunately, the leaders were not able to come to any conclusion.
The biggest hindrance was the issue of the rights of minorities.
The second meeting of the All Parties Conference was held in March the same year, but the leaders still had their differences and again were not able to reach a conclusion.
When the All Parties Conference met for the third time in Bombay on May 19 1928, there was hardly any prospect of an agreed constitution.
It was then decided that a small committee should be appointed to work out the details of the constitution.
Motilal Nehru headed this committee.
There were nine other members in this committee including two Muslims, Syed Ali Imam and Shoaib Qureshi.
The committee worked for three months at Allahabad and its memorandum was called the “Nehru Report“.
Recommendations made by the Nehru Report:
India should be given the status of a dominion.
India should have a parliamentary form of government headed by a Prime Minister and six ministers appointed by the Governor General.
India will be a federation which shall have a bicameral legislature at the centre and Ministry would be responsible to the legislature.
There should be no separate electorate.
Reservation of Muslim seats could be possible in the provinces where Muslim population was at least ten percent, but this was to be in strict proportion to the size of the community.
Muslims should enjoy one-fourth representation in the Central Legislature.
Sindh should be separated from Bombay only if the Committee certified that it was financially self-sufficient.
The North West Frontier Province should be given full provincial status.
Muslim League’s reaction to the Nehru Report –
With few exceptions League leaders rejected the Nehru proposals.
In reaction Mohammad Ali Jinnah drafted his Fourteen Points in 1929 which became the core demands the Muslim community.
According to Mohammad Ali Jinnah, the Committee has adopted a narrow minded policy to ruin the political future of the Muslims.