The share of nuclear power, in the total energy produced in India is hardly 3%.
Nuclear power is a promising source of energy for future.
The ‘Tata Atomic Energy Commission’ was incorporated in August 1948.
But progress in this direction could be made only after the establishment of the Atomic Energy Institute at Trombay in 1954; which was renamed as the ‘Bhabha Atomic Research Centre’ (BARC) in 1967.
Consequently, first nuclear power station with 320 MW capacity was set up at Tarapur near Mumbai in 1969.
Later, atomic reactors were installed at Rawatbhata (300MW) near Kota in Rajasthan, Kalpakkam (440 MW) in Tamil Nadu, and Narora in Uttar Pradesh, Kaiga in Karnataka and Kakarapara in Gujarat also have nuclear energy plants.
Thus at present, nuclear energy is produced from ten units located at six centres.
Requirements of fuel and heavy water of these power reactors are fulfilled by the Nuclear Fuel Complex located at Hyderabad and heavy water plant at Vadodara.
Generation of nuclear power is highly hazardous.
A slight carelessness in the security may cause severe accidents endangering lives of thousands of people in its surrounding areas.
Therefore, strict precautions and security measures are highly essential.
Nuclear power dominated region—
Rajasthan is the only state which comes under this category.
In Rajasthan more than half of the total commercial energy is nuclear.
It’s because the state is deficit both in coal and water.