Petro-Chemicals Industry


Petro-chemicals industry is one of the fastest growing industries of India.

Petro-chemicals are derived from petroleum or natural gas.

Indian Petro-Chemical Corporation has set up a huge petro-chemical complex near vadodara producing a wide range of products.

Besides Vadodara, Gandhar, and Hazira in Gujarat and Nagathone in Maharashtra are other important centres of petro-chemical industry.

India is self sufficient in the production of petrochemicals.

Crude oil has no value unless it is refined, while refining crude oil; thousands of products like kerosene, diesel, lubricants and raw material for petro-chemical industry are derived.

India has at present 18 refineries.

These refineries are at —

[1] Digboi, Bongaigaon, Nunamati (All are in Assam),

[2] Mumbai (two) (Maharashtra),

[3] Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh),

[4] Barauni (Bihar),

[5] Koyali (Gujarat),

[6] Mathura (U.P.),

[7] Panipat (Haryana),

[8] Kochi (Kerala),

[9] Mangalore (Karnataka) and

[10] Chennai (Tamil Nadu)

The only private oil refineries belong to Reliance Industries Ltd. is located at Jamnagar (Gujarat).