Plains are the most important landforms found on the earth’s surface.

A low lying relatively flat or slightly rolling land surface with very gentle slope and minimum local relief is called a plain.

Plains occupy about 55% of the earth’s surface.

Most of the plains have been formed by the deposition of sediments brought down by rivers.

Besides rivers, some plains have also been formed by the action of wind, moving ice and tectonic activity.

Plains have an average height of less than 200 metres.


On the basis of their mode of formation, plains can be classified into the following types:

(A) Structural plains

(B) Erosional plains and

(C) Depositional plains