India is the second most populous country in the world next only to China.
According to to Census 2011, the population of India is 1,210 million.
This accounted for 17.5 % of the world’s total population.
While India possesses only 2.42% of the world’s total land area, she is required to sustain almost 17.5 % of the world’s population.
In terms of area, India stands seventh preceded by Russia, Canada, China, the United States of America, Brazil and Australia.
The population of India is 1210.19 million of which 623.72 million (51.54%) are males and 586.46 million (48.46%) are females.
The population of India has increased by more than 181 million during the decade 2001– 2011.
Decadal growth rate of the population (2001–2011) has been 17.64 % (i.e. 1.76 % per year); males 17.19 and females 18.12.
2001–2011 is the first decade (with the exception of 1911–1921) which has actually added lesser population compared to the previous decade.
Uttar Pradesh (199.5 million) is the most populous State in the country followed by Maharashtra with 112 million.
The proportion of Child Population in the age group of 0–6 years to total population is 13.1% while the corresponding figure in 2001 was 15.9%.
Overall sex ratio at the national level has increased by 7 points to reach 940 at Census 2011 as against 933 in Census 2001.
Three major States (J&K, Bihar & Gujarat) have shown decline in sex ratio as compared to Census 2001.
Kerala with 1084 has the highest sex ratio followed by Puducherry with 1038.
Daman & Diu has the lowest sex ratio of 618.
Mizoram has the highest child sex ratio (0–6 years) of 971 followed by Meghalaya with 970.
Haryana has the lowest child sex ratio (0–6 years) of 830 followed by Punjab with 846.
Literacy rate has gone up from 64.83 % cent in 2001 to 74.04 % in 2011.
Percentage growth in literacy during 2001–2011 is 38.82; males: 31.98% and females: 49.10%.