Raleigh Commission was appointed under the presidency of Sir Thomas Raleigh on 27 January 1902 to inquire into the condition and prospects of universities in India and to recommend proposals for improving their constitution and working.
Evidently, the Commission was precluded from reporting on primary or secondary education.
As a result of the report of the recommendations of the Commission the Indian Universities Act was passed in 1904.
The main objective of the Act was to improve the condition of education in India and upgrade the system to a better level.
The following important changes were introduced for the upliftment of University Education.
Universities were empowered to appoint their own staff including the teaching staff.
The number of Fellows of a University was limited within 50 to 100.
The number of elected Fellows was fixed at 20 for the Bombay, Madras and Calcutta Universities and 15 for others.
The Governor-General was now empowered to decide a University’s territorial limits and also affiliation between the universities and colleges.
After the implementation of the provisions of the University Act, though the number of colleges declined, yet the number of students increased considerably.
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