Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana

Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) was launched during 2007-08.

It requires the States to prepare District and State Agriculture Plans for creation of such infrastructure, which are essential to catalyse the existing production scenario for achieving higher production.

Additional Central Assistance (ACA) is made available to the States as 100% grants.

Each district is required to formulate a District Agriculture Plan by including the resources available from other existing schemes, District, State or Central Schemes such as Backward Region Grant Fund (BRGF), Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY), National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS), Bharat Nirman and tied and untied grants from the Central and State Finance Commissions etc.

The District Agriculture Plans would reflect the financial requirement and the sources of financing the agriculture development plans in a comprehensive way.

The DAP will include animal husbandry and fishery, minor irrigation projects, rural development works, agricultural marketing schemes and schemes for water harvesting and conservation.

Each State is further required to prepare a comprehensive State Agricultural Plan (SAP) by integrating the DAPs.

The State will have to indicate resources that can flow from the State to the district.

During 12th Plan, RKVY funding will be provided through three streams viz. production growth (35%), infrastructure & Assets and sub-schemes (20%). The remaining 10% will be is provisioned as flexi fund from which states can undertake either production growth or infrastructure & assets projects depending upon State’s needs & priorities.

The States have been provided flexibility and autonomy in the process of selection, planning, approval and execution of schemes to make investments in interventions as per their priorities and agro-climatic requirements so that the outcomes are as envisaged in the RKVY objectives.

The projects of the State Governments are approved by the State Level Sanctioning Committees (SLSCs) under the Chairmanship of Chief Secretary of the respective States.

The funds are routed through the State Agriculture Department, which is the nodal Department for the scheme.

Presently, six sub-schemes are being implemented as sub-schemes under RKVY during 2014-15.

These sub-schemes are—

[1] Bringing Green Revolution to Eastern Region— This programme was initiated in 2010-11 targeting the improvement in the rice based cropping system of Assam, West Bengal, Orissa, Bihar, Jharkhand, Eastern Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh.

[2] Initiative on Vegetable Clusters— Growing demand for vegetables was proposed to be met by a robust increase in the productivity and market linkage. For the purpose, an efficient supply chain needed to be established, to provide quality vegetables at competitive prices.

[3] National Mission for Protein Supplements—National Mission for Protein Supplements was launched with an allocation of Rs.300 crore during 2011-12 to take up activities to promote animal based protein production through livestock development, dairy farming, piggery, goat rearing and fisheries in selected blocks.

[4] Saffron Mission— The Scheme was initiated in 2010-11.

[5] Vidharbha Intensive Irrigation Development Programme— The Scheme was initiated in 2012-13 which seeks to bring in more farming areas under protective irrigation.

[6] Crop Diversification— The scheme was initiated in 2013-2014.